30.08.2018

What men don't talk about

Prostate cancer is the most common oncologic disease in men and one of the leading causes of death among men over 45. It is curable at the early stages of condition, but the important thing is to find a good doctor.

What is the prostate gland and where is it?

The prostate, or the prostate gland, is located under the bladder. It borders with the rectum (which enables a doctor to palpate its dorsal surface during examination). It produces a secretion making up a sperm component.

What are the causes of prostate cancer?

They are many, the chief ones being a genetic predisposition, hereditary factors, nutrition, obesity, hormone background and age.

Who suffers from prostate cancer most often?

The condition occurs most often among the population of North America, Australia, and Northern and Central Europe, less often among men in South-East Asia and North Africa.
What is the role of heredity?
Heredity accounts for roughly 5-10% of cases of prostate cancer. Men whose relatives had had the prostate cancer are more likely to fall victim to this condition 6 to 7 years sooner than those whose relatives had no such disorder.

What food may provoke the disease?

Fat food and red meat. The population of South-East Asia eat fat least of all and suffer from prostate cancer also least often. According to studies, prostate cancer among men who prefer animal meat occurs 2.64 times more often. The risk is higher if a man is fond of well done meat or regularly eats meat products like frankfurters, bacon, brisket and sausages.

How do hormones impact?

Men, who for some reason have undergone castration, do not suffer from adenocarcinoma of the prostate gland. This proves that the hormone background plays a crucial part.

Does prostate cancer rate increase with age?

It does. The older a man grows, the higher is his risk to develop prostate cancer. This disease is seldom diagnosed among men below 40. Men over 55 are more often diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer.

How is prostate cancer diagnosed?

Prostate cancer in men at the first and second stages does not manifest itself in any way, which is why an annual appointment with an urologist and blood test for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) are the sole method to find out the condition. The diagnosis is made based on the level of PSA content in serum, the results of X-ray or digital rectal examination. To confirm the diagnosis it is necessary to carry out the prostate biopsy.
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What is prognosis in case of prostate cancer?

The sooner prostate cancer is found out, the simpler is its treatment and the more favorable its outcome. In the event of a correct diagnosis and qualified treatment, a man's performance is restored to 100%.

How is prostate cancer treated?

The doctor's arsenal includes:
surgery
radiation therapy
ultrasound ablation
hormone therapy

When is prostate removal surgery (radical prostatectomy) indicated?

In case of localized cancer without metastases. As a rule, this is assigned to younger patients. In the event of prostatectomy the entire gland is removed along with seminal vesicles. However, even radical prostatectomy does not assure long-term survival.
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What are indications and side effects of radiation therapy?

When metastases appeared.
Prostate cancer metastases are found most often in bones or lungs, which is why standard chest radiography and bone scintigraphy (bone scan) will confirm or rule out their presence.
Radiation can be applied both to prostate itself and nearby lymph nodes and other areas affected by metastases. The radiation therapy complications may include:
rectal bleeding
diarrhea
urinary incontinence
blood in urine
erectile dysfunction
Also, prostate cancer radiation therapy may somewhat increase the probability of colon and bladder cancer.

What is ultrasonic ablation?

The tumor is subjected to an impact of a powerful beam of ultrasonic waves. This technique is used for treating relapses occurring after prostate is removed by surgery or radiation therapy.

What are the dangers of hormone therapy?

Cancer treatment by hormones is resorted to if cancer reoccurred following the prostate removal or if the patient is too old for other types of treatment. The disadvantages of such therapy are reduced libido and potency.

Are there new methods of treatment?

Cryotherapy (when affected prostate tissues are subjected to low temperatures and annihilated) and the TOOKAD method (in which a tumor treated by a special drug is subsequently impacted by laser). Compared to conventional operations, these are far less injurious and their complication risks are lower, but their long-term efficiency is not yet known.

Which countries are leaders in treating prostate cancer?

Germany and Israel.
The best clinic for treating the prostate gland is believed to be the academic clinic of the Hamburg University (Asklepios), Germany, and the most popular clinic for treating prostate cancer is the Helios clinic in Berlin, Germany. The average cost of treating prostate cancer varies between 15 000 and 17 000 euros.

Where is the cost of treating prostate cancer the lowest?
In Turkey, the Czech Republic, and Poland (around 12 thousand euros).

How can one get cancer treatment abroad?

The choice remains with the patient. Once a diagnosis is made, the treatment must start immediately, without losing time. He may seek a clinic himself, comparing proposals on the websites. However, to save time and effort and make the best choice, one should turn to professionals.

A man must do only one thing – formulate his preferences of a country and approximate cost. Within a day, the company specialists will supply direct answers from no fewer than three international clinics with experts' comments and preliminary treatment cost estimates. For customers this service is free. Having chosen a clinic and a doctor, the customer can arrange his trip himself or entrust this to the MedEssenttially specialists. They can handle the issues of visas, flight, and transfer, provide an interpreter and settle any question, remaining in contact round-the-clock.
Would you like to get free quotes for prostate cancer treatment from different clinics abroad?

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