Also, a nostril and wing shape is corrected as well as an unsightly nose tip. Depending on the scope, operations may affect both cartilage and bone tissue. This can be an open, endoscopic and laser-aided rhinoplasty, conchotomy (resection of hypertrophic nasal mucous membrane), columella surgery (nose column correction), grafting (to enlarge a very short or small nose), reconstructive septum rhinoplasty, etc. Whereas the tip plasty serves exclusively an aesthetic purpose and yields few complications, if at all, the septum rhinoplasty is one of the most challenging nasal operations. In addition to elimination of external defects, the surgeon straightens the nasal septum, improves the condition of the nasal meatus, and reduces the nasal resistance to airflow supplied to the organism.